Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine

SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year
: 2012  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6--9

Pharmacognostical and physicochemical analysis of Tamarindus indica Linn. stem


Naveena Kodlady1, BJ Patgiri1, CR Harisha2, VJ Shukla3 
1 Department of Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana including Drug Research, Institute for Post Graduate Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India
2 Pharmacognosy Laboratory, Institute for Post Graduate Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India
3 Pharmaceutical Chemistry Laboratory, Institute for Post Graduate Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Naveena Kodlady
Department of Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana including Drug Research, Institute for Post Graduate Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar - 361 008, Gujarat
India

Tamarindus indica Linn. fruits (Chincha) are extensively used in culinary preparations in Indian civilization. Its vast medicinal uses are documented in Ayurvedic classics and it can be used singly or as a component of various formulations. Besides fruit, the Kasta (wood) of T. indica L. is also important and used to prepare Kshara (alkaline extract) an Ayurvedic dosage form. Pharmacognostical and physicochemical details of Chincha Kasta are not available in authentic literature including API (Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India). The study is an attempt in this direction. T. indica L. stem with heartwood was selected and morphological, microscopic and physicochemical standardization characters along with TLC finger print, and fluorescence analysis were documented. Transverse section of stem showed important characters such as phelloderm, stone cells layer, fiber groups, calcium oxalate, crystal fibers, and tylosis in heartwood region. Four characteristic spots were observed under UV long wave, in thin layer chromatography with the solvent combination of toluene: ethyl acetate (8:2). The study can help correct identification and standardization of this plant material.


How to cite this article:
Kodlady N, Patgiri B J, Harisha C R, Shukla V J. Pharmacognostical and physicochemical analysis of Tamarindus indica Linn. stem.J Ayurveda Integr Med 2012;3:6-9


How to cite this URL:
Kodlady N, Patgiri B J, Harisha C R, Shukla V J. Pharmacognostical and physicochemical analysis of Tamarindus indica Linn. stem. J Ayurveda Integr Med [serial online] 2012 [cited 2014 Oct 22 ];3:6-9
Available from: http://www.jaim.in/article.asp?issn=0975-9476;year=2012;volume=3;issue=1;spage=6;epage=9;aulast=Kodlady;type=0