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Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
 
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CLINICAL
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 125-128 Table of Contents     

Lajjalu treatment of uterine prolapse


Prakash Clinic, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India

Date of Submission03-Apr-2010
Date of Decision20-Apr-2010
Date of Acceptance25-Apr-2010
Date of Web Publication2-Jul-2010

Correspondence Address:
T M Shivanandaiah
Prakash Clinic, D-149, First Cross, Vidyanagar, Shivamogga - 577203
India
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DOI: 10.4103/0975-9476.65090

PMID: 21836800

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   Abstract 

Mimosa pudica was found useful in cases of uterine prolapse with bleeding, consistent with my experience of working with the condition for more than 45 years, and treating hundreds of such cases of uterine prolapse. Hysterectomy has been avoided up to this date, and is not now expected to be recommended.

Keywords: Ayurveda, uterine prolapse, lajjalu, Mimosa pudica linn


How to cite this article:
Shivanandaiah T M, Indudhar T M. Lajjalu treatment of uterine prolapse. J Ayurveda Integr Med 2010;1:125-8

How to cite this URL:
Shivanandaiah T M, Indudhar T M. Lajjalu treatment of uterine prolapse. J Ayurveda Integr Med [serial online] 2010 [cited 2014 Jul 31];1:125-8. Available from: http://www.jaim.in/text.asp?2010/1/2/125/65090


   Introduction Top


This article is a detailed report of a recent Ayurvedic herbal treatment of Uterine Prolapse, which the senior author has successfully applied in hundreds of cases over the past four decades. Uterine Prolapse is a specific form of the various kinds of genital prolapse common among the female population today, particularly those over 50. While underlying causes may not be clear, what is clear is that physical weakness in that region is quite common.

Biomedical treatment tends to be expensive. For stages 1 and 2, various outpatient treatments including vaginal pessaries [1] may be prescribed, while for later stages 3 and 4, surgery is usually recommended. Discussions of non-surgical alternatives emphasize that little information is available. [2] National costs of this lack of alternative are high. In a 2005 study of female hospitalization in the US, Whiteman et al, found gynecological disorders to account for 7% of hospitalizations for women aged 15 to 44, and 14% for those aged 45 to 54. [3] Of these, the genital prolapse rate was 7.0, a figure that had remained steady for 7 years. [3]

While hysterectomy is the classic surgical intervention for uterine prolapse, studies show that its application in elderly populations requiring it are not without risk, [4] particularly when co-morbidity conditions common in the elderly are present e.g. hypertension, respiratory disease, CVD or DM. Modern alternatives include attempts to rebuild organ walls with porcine skin collagen implant [5] or polypropylene, [6] possibly supplemented by such devices as tension-free vaginal tape. [7] More recent approaches favor minimally invasive [6] or laparoscopic methods of ligament repair. [8],[9] The latter have been subject to a recent systematic review. [10]

The cost of these methods, and the inevitable pain and risks involved, make the possibility of a purely herbal alternative highly desirable, both for the patient and the healthcare system. The author has used just such an approach from Ayurveda for several decades. Though not part of the ancient literature, the herb employed, Lajjalu (Sanskrit) (Pudica Mimosa L.) is well described in more recent literature dating from 400-500 years ago [Box 1] [Additional file 1] , together with its uses [Box 2] [Additional file 2] .

The following recent case represents a typical example.


   Case History: Lajjalu use for Prolapsed Uterus Top


A woman aged 44 years reported with a history of vaginal bleeding accompanied by pain, which she said had started a year previously, and had been repeating occasionally. She had been examined at the Medwin Hospital, Banjara Hills, Andhra Pradesh, on 18 th June 2009, and advised to wear uterine rings. She was also given medicine to take. She chose not to wear the rings, and only took the medicines.

In her second check on 14 October 2009, an ultrasonogram, found that the condition had aggravated. Subsequent analysis found her Uterine Prolapse to have reached stage 3. Her Gynecologist advised hysterectomy, as the only remedy available. The patient declined the operation, saying she was anemic, and considered herself too weak for the operation. Instead, she visited my clinic in Shivamogga, Karnataka, to try Ayurvedic treatment.

My diagnosis for treatment as in [Figure 1], [Figure 2] and [Figure 3]: complaints were bleeding per vagina - quantity small with bad odor; feeling of a heavy mass in the uro-genital passage; occasional pain in the loins, back and thighs. General examination revealed her to be anemic & emaciated: debility and apathy marked.

Treatment: On the basis of experience, information in Box 3 [Additional file 3] , and with patient's consent, Lajjalu was selected:

Kashayam (Decoction) to be taken orally; and Swarasa (liquid/paste from crushing) as external application.

Regime: i). 30ml. Lajjalu Kashayam (plant decoction) given 3 times a day for 10 days. The patient found slight improvement in condition; the pain decreased and the bleeding also seemed to be less. ii). an aqueous extract for oral intake was continued along with the external application i.e. a thick paste of Lajjalu root was applied over the Prolapse inside the vagina and a tight diaper was put on, to retain the paste in the contact position for 2 to 3 hours (patients never report any reaction to, or discomfort from, these treatments).

The patient was advised that three 40 day courses of treatment would be needed. The first course began on 11.11.09.

Results 1: on 26.11.09 after 15 days treatment, external and internal, I noted the following:

  1. Bleeding almost stopped.
  2. Pain very slight and not continuous.
  3. Erosion and prolapse markedly reduced; only giving very slight inconvenience.
Results 2: on 28 December 2009, at the end of the first 40 day Ayurvedic treatment, the patient underwent a second Ultrasound Scan. Results were as follows:

Uterus: normal in size, measures 9.5 x 5.5 x 4.3 cm; showing anterior wall intra-uteral fibroid with calcification within it. Suggestive of degenerating of fibroid measuring 1.0 x 0.8 cm.

As on general checkup on 10.10.2009 measures normal white discharge, micturation, no dysuria (painful or difficult urination)

Ovaries: both ovaries now normal in size: echotexture right 2.4 x 2.3 cm; left 2.4 x 2.7 cm.

No evidence of free fluid in pouch of Douglas: no tenderness in the part.

Liver: earlier mildly enlarged in size with increased echo texture.

Now, size is normal, and shows homogeneous echo texture.

Ultrasound Scan of pelvis after completion of 3rd course of treatment : Report Uterus is normal in size and measures 6.6 x 3.3 x 5.2 cm shows small intramural fibroid measuring 9.6mm in anterior wall. Uterine endometrial echo (5.6 mm) is well visualised and appears normal. 2.6 x 1.8 x 2.7cm. left ovary 2.5 x 1.6 x 2.5 cm. both ovaries are normal in size and echotecxture. No evidences of free fluid in Pouch of Douglas.

Clinical Conclusion: Patient's condition shows improvements in several areas.

Also, since the patient had been advised hysterectomy, but being unwilling to undergo surgery, had preferred to try Ayurvedic medicine, it suggests that her first 40 days Ayurvedic treatment may be a step to avoiding hysterectomy (as in findings from my previous treatments).


   Discussion Top


I have treated cases of Uterine Prolapse of different degrees for many years, during which I have presented a few case reports for the benefit of professionals and the general public. Many patients come from different parts of the country, among them, cases of 2 nd and 3 rd degree prolapse as diagnosed by Gynecologists. Many such uterine prolapse cases have come to me with scan reports and other details. This article reports a very recent case.

For the entirety of my 50 years medical practice, I have only used Ayurvedic drugs to treat, usually formulated and presented in capsule form for increased convenience over churna form. For external application on affected parts, I give Swarasa extract, which patients take for lengthy periods, dosage depending on the degree of prolapse.

In addition to uterine prolapse (Garbha Bhramsha), Lajjalu is used for prolapsed rectum (Guda Bhramsha), vaginal-uterine disorders (Yoni Vyapat), dysfunctional uterine bleeding (Rakta yoni), piles (Arsha), anal fistula (Bhagandar), external & internal bleeding & non-bleeding dysmenorrhoea (Rajah), leucorrhoea (Svet Pradara), & urinary infections.


   Overall Conclusion Top


Mimosa Pudica was found to be very useful in this case of uterine prolapse with bleeding, consistent with my experience of working with the condition for more than 45 years, and treating hundreds of such cases of third degree uterine prolapse. Hysterectomy was avoided up to this date, and is not now expected to be recommended.

Editorial Comment: As a first single case study by the authors, this was accepted because of its wide potential interest and implications. Today's high prevalence of Uterine Prolapse, and the nature of biomedical treatments, mean that the possibility of wide scale adoption of Lajjalu treatment for that and related problems merits further evaluation.

 
   References Top

1.Hansom LA, Schulz JA, Flood CG, Cooley B, Tam F. Vaginal pessaries in managing women with pelvic organ prolapse and urinary incontinence: Patient characteristics and factors contributing to success. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct 2006;17:155-9.  Back to cited text no. 1      
2.Poma PA. Non-surgical management of genital prolapsed: Review and recommendations. J Repro Med 2000;45:10-5.   Back to cited text no. 2      
3.Whiteman MK, Kuklina E, Jamieson DJ, Hillis SD, Marchbanks PA. Inpatient hospitalization for gynecologic disorders in the United States. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2010.In press.  Back to cited text no. 3      
4.Piya-Anant M, Therasakvichya S, Leelaphatanadit C, Techatrisak K. Integrated health research program for the Thai elderly: Prevalence of genital prolapse and effectiveness of pelvic floor exercise to prevent worsening of genital prolapse in elderly women. J Med Assoc Thai 2003;86:509-15.  Back to cited text no. 4  [PUBMED]    
5.David-Montefiore E, Barranger E, Dubernard G, Detchev R, Nizard V, Darai E. Treatment of genital prolapse by hammock using porcine skin collagen implant (Pelvicol). Urology 2005;66:1314-8.   Back to cited text no. 5  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]  
6.Chibelean B. Minimally invasive surgical treatment of complex genital prolapse in elderly women: Impact on quality of life. Eur Urol Suppl 2009;8:664.  Back to cited text no. 6      
7.de Tayrac R, Gervaise A, Cheauvaud-Lambling A, Fernandez H. Combined genital prolapse repair reinforced with a polypropylene mesh and tension-free vaginal tape in women with genital prolapse and stress urinary incontinence: A retrospective case-control study with short-term follow-up. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2004;83:950-4.   Back to cited text no. 7      
8.Schwartz M, Abbott KR, Glazerman L, Sobolewski C, Jarnagin B, Ailawadi R, et al. Positive symptom improvement with laparscopic uterosacral ligament repair for uterine or vaginal vault prolapsed: Interim results from an active multicenter trial. J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2007;14:570-6.   Back to cited text no. 8  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]  
9.Uccella S, Ghezzi F, Bergamini V, Serati M, Cromi A, Franchi M, et al. Laparscopic uterosacral ligaments plication for the treatment of uterine prolapse. Arch Gynecol Obstet 2007;6:225-9.  Back to cited text no. 9      
10.Margulies RU, Rogers MA, Morgan DM. Outcomes of transvaginal uterosacral ligament suspension: Systematic review and metaanalysis. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2010;202:124-34.  Back to cited text no. 10  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]  


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]



 

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    Introduction
    Case History: La...
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